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Iran



Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran
Location: Iran is located at the strategic crossroads between the Western and Eastern worlds. It is bordered by Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan and the Caspian Sea in the North, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the East, Iraq and Turkey in the West, and the Gulf of Oman, the Strait of Hormuz and the Persian Gulf in the South.
Total Land Area: 1,622,000 km2

Land boundaries: 
5,440 km
Capital: Tehran
Official Language: Farsi (Persian)

Population: 68,802,654 (2004)

Show Cities of Iran
  • Ardabil
  • Esfahan
  • Tabriz
  • Tehran

  • Islamic Monuments Of Tehran

    Tehran is one of the 30 provinces of Iran. It is located to the north of the central plateau of Iran. This province has common borders with the Mazandaran province from north, Qom province from south, Semnan province from east and Qazvin province from west. The metropolis of Tehran is not only the central city of the province, but is also the capital of the Islamic Republic of Iran. According to the latest records, the townships of this province include Tehran, Damavand, Ray, Savoj Bolaq, Shemiranat, Shahriyar, Varamin, Islam Shahr and Karaj.

    As of June 2005, this province includes 13 townships, 43 municipalities, and 1358 villages. It houses approximately 18% of the country's population. Tehran Province is the most industrialized province in Iran; 86.5% of its population resides in urban areas and 13.5% of its population resides in rural areas.

    The highest point of the province is Mount Damavand and the lowest point of the province being the plains of Varamin. Mountain ranges such as The Alborz span the north; Savad Kooh and Firooz Kooh are located in the north east; Lavasanat, Qarah Daq, Shemiranat, Hassan Abad and Namak Mountains are in the southern areas; Bibi Shahr Banoo and Alqadr are situated in the south east and the heights of Qasr-e-Firoozeh being located to the east of the province.

     The province gained importance when Tehran was claimed the capital by the Qajar dynasty in 1778. Today, Tehran, with a population of more than 7 million, is amongst the 20 most populous metropolitan cities of the world. Tehran Province has several archeological sites indicating settlements dating back several thousand years. Tehran has over 1500 historical sites of cultural significance registered with the Cultural Heritage Organization of Iran.

    Since the city of Tehran designated as the capital of Iran by 1778 it has rose to become the largest city and cultural, economical center of Iran as well. During the past 200 years it has been home to many reputed scholars, writers, poets and artists, both those who have lived and those who are born in Tehran.

     

  • Yazd
  • Zanjan

  • Islamic Monuments Of Zanjan
    Zanjan province, Which is also called “Zanjan Plain", is located in central part of north-west of Iran. Zanjan province is composed of two regions, mountainous and plain. Having some high summits, the mountainous areas encompass the northern regions of Zanjan township and the remaining parts of the province are a plain region.
    There is a vast and relatively level alluvium plain in southern part of Zanjan which bounds by Sultanieh heights at the north and Ghaydar heights at the south.
    Islamic period (from 7th to 19th century AC.) begins with conquest of Iran in the time of Osman caliphate. Existing texts and evidences show that this region was very thriving from economic, cultural and artistic points of view during the whole Islamic period. One of the reasons for selecting Sultanieh as capital by Mongol Ilkhanan was economic briskness of the region in 7th and 8th centuries AH. After the decline of Ilkhani government by Sarbedaran movement in 9th century AH. Zanjan was attacked by Timur and was damaged badly.
    The region was relatively thriving from economic and cultural points of view in Safavid and Ghajar time specially during the reign of Shah Tahmasb and Agha Mohammad Khan.
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